Hubungan Dukungan Keluarga dengan Kemandirian Lansia Melaksanakan (ADL) di Depok-Jawa Barat
The relationship between family assistance and elderly independence is profitable (ADL) in Depok, West Java
Keywords:activities of daily living, and family support, independence, elderly
Introduction: The elderly are part of the process of growth and development. Senior citizens or what is commonly abbreviated as Elderly are Indonesian citizens aged ≥ 60 years. The aging process experienced by the elderly does not only affect aspects of life but will also be followed by physical and mental decline. This setback can have an impact on the occurrence of depression in the elderly. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between family support and the independence of the elderly implementing (ADL).
Methods: This type of research was quantitative with a design using a cross-sectional approach. The population in this study was the elderly in RW 008. The total population up to the October 2018 period was 520 elderly aged over 60 years. Sampling in this study was carried out by purposive sampling technique. So the sample in this study was 92 respondents. The instrument used was a questionnaire sheet. The test used in this study is the chi-square.
Results: The results of the chi-square statistical test obtained p-Value = 0.414, meaning p-Value <0.05 so it can be concluded that the null hypothesis (HO) is rejected, meaning that there is a significant relationship between family support and the independence of the elderly in carrying out ADLs in RW 008 Kelurahan Jatijajar, Tapos District, Depok-West Java in 2018. From an OR value of 9.4, it was obtained that 9.4 (0.745-119.659) experienced not being independent compared to the elderly who received good family support.
Discussion: There is a relationship between family support and the independence of the elderly in carrying out ADLs in the RW 008 Jatijajar Village, Tapos District, Depok, West Java. Researchers suggest the members of the elder’s family keep supporting the elders in carrying out ADLs.