Hubungan Pengetahuan Ibu, Kebiasaan Makan Dan Jumlah Anggota Keluarga Terhadap Status Gizi Balita Di Posyandu Kemuning Daerah Mekarsari

The Relationship between Mother's Knowledge, Eating Habits and Number of Family Members on the Nutritional Status of Toddlers in Posyandu Kemuning, Mekarsari Region


  • Firda Ananda Sari Universitas Indonesia Maju Jakarta, Indonesia


nutritional status of toddlers, mother’s knowledge, eating habits, number of family members


Introduction: Nutritional status is a condition caused by a balance between the intake of nutrients from food and the need for nutrients needed for the body's metabolism. Monitoring the nutritional status of toddlers should ideally be carried out at integrated service posts (posyandu) by weighing activities every month before being reported to a higher level of health services. This study aims to determine the relationship between maternal knowledge, eating habits, and the number of family members to the nutritional status of toddlers in the Posyandu Kemuning Mekarsari Cimanggis in 2022.

 Methods: This study uses a cross-sectional research design with quantitative research. This research was conducted from July to August 2022 at the Kemuning Posyandu, Mekarsari Region. The population of this research is mothers who have toddlers aged 0-59 months at the Posyandu Kemuning Mekarsari Cimanggis. The sample of this research is 70 respondents taken by simple random sampling method. This study uses the chi-square test.

 Results: Of the 70 respondents the highest frequency based on the nutritional status of toddlers was toddlers with normal nutrition, namely 32 people (45,7%); then more nutrition as many as 30 people (42,9%); malnutrition as many as 7 people (10,0%); and the lowest frequency was malnutrition as many as 1 people (1,4%). Based on the results of the chi-square test, it was found that there was a relationship between the mother’s knowledge and the nutritional status of toddlers (p = 0,796) (> 0,05); the relationship between eating habits and nutritional status of toddlers (p = 0,828) (> 0,05); and the relationship between the number of family members and the nutritional status of children under five (p = 0,448) (> 0,05).

 Discussion: The results showed that there was no relationship between the mother’s knowledge, eating habits, and number of family members on the nutritional status of children under five at the Mekarsari Cimanggis Posyandu.