Teknik Genggam Jari Dan Stress Ball Dapat Menurunkan Kecemasan Pada Pasien Sectio Caesarea Di Rumah Sakit Bina Husada Tahun 2021
Finger Holding Techniques and Stress Balls Can Reduce Anxiety in Cesarean Section Patients at Bina Husada Hospital in 2021
Keywords:anxiety, finger grip, stress ball
Introduction: Anxiety was the highest symptom that occurred during preoperative Cesarean Section (SC). The mother's anxiety during preoperative Sectio Caesarea was caused by fear of foreign actions to be performed, wound pain after surgery, injections, and risk of loss of life as a result of surgery and anesthesia, also including the risk of death or disability. The impact of anxiety in preoperative SC has delayed surgery, increased pain experienced by the mother, increased need for analgesic drugs, longer hospital stays, and also the occurrence of postpartum maternal depression. Efforts to reduce anxiety in mothers before surgery, one of which was by holding finger relaxation and a stress ball.
Methods: This study used a quasi-experimental design with pre-test and post-test designs with two comparative treatments. The number of samples in this study was 30 respondents, which were divided into 15 groups of finger grip therapy and 15 groups of stress ball therapy. The sampling technique used purposive sampling technique. The instrument used is the level of anxiety HARS (Hamilton Rating Scale of Anxiety).
Results: Based on the results of the Wilcoxon test, it was found that the finger grip group had a p-value = 0,003; and the stress ball group had a p-value = 0,005. Based on the results of the Mann-Whitney test, a p-value of 0,143 was obtained, which means < 0,05 so, it can be said that there is no significant difference between finger gripping and stress ball interventions.
Discussion: This study aims to examine the comparison of the effectiveness of finger gripping techniques and stress balls on the level of anxiety in cesarean section patients. Finger grip therapy and stress balls given to pre-cesarean patients did not have a significant difference.
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