Pengaruh Kebiasaan Olahraga, Indeks Massa Tubuh (Imt) Dan Postur Kerja Terhadap Keluhan Muskuloskeletal Disorders (MSDs) Bagi Petugas Operasional Sudin Penanggulangan Kebakaran Dan Penyelamatan Kota Administrasi Jakarta Pusat Tahun 2021
The Effect of Sports Habits, Body Mass Index (BMI) and Work Posture on Complaints of Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) for Operational Officers of the Central Jakarta City Administration Fire and Rescue Sub-dept. in 2021
Keywords:exercise habits, body mass index, work posture, musculoskeletal disorders
Introduction: Musculoskeletal disorders in the long term caused by physical activity involving muscle strength accompanied by excessive loading and repeated over a long period of time are called musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs).
Methods: This study used a quantitative method with a cross-sectional design. The population of this study is the operational officers of the Central Jakarta administration city fire prevention and rescue sub-department in 2021, amounting to 665 people and a sample of 222 people. Data analysis used univariate, bivariate (chi-square test), and multivariate tests.
Results: The results of this study indicate that there is a relationship between exercise habits and MSDs complaints with a p-value = 0,022, there is no relationship between body mass index and MSDs complaints with a p-value = 0,107 and there is a relationship between work postures with a p-value = 0,027. The R2 value of 0,205 means that 20,5% of MSDs complaints are influenced by the variables of exercise habits and work postures together.
Discussion: Physical activity can increase the flow of oxygen to the tissues thereby increasing muscle ability which can reduce the risk or severity of MSDs. Working in a sitting position for a long time can cause the abdominal muscles to become more elastic, the spine to curve, and the eye muscles to concentrate, and therefore feel tired quickly.