Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Tingkat Stress pada Pasien Psoriasis di Poliklinik Kulit Rumah Sakit X
Factors Affecting Stress Levels in Psoriasis Patients at the Skin Polyclinic of General Hospital X
Keywords:humans, psoriasis, psychological, stress
Introduction: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease, that has a genetic basis, characterized by impaired growth and differentiation of the epidermis. Psoriasis can occur at any age, especially 15-30 years. Until now treatment only relieves symptoms temporarily (remission), so psoriasis is often referred to as a lifelong disease. This disease is not life-threatening although it can affect or interfere with the patient's work, personal life, and quality of life. The objective to find out the factors that influence the level of stress in psoriasis patients at the skin polyclinic of X General Hospital.
Methods: This research was an analytic survey research using a cross-sectional study design. The population in this study were psoriasis patients who visited the skin polyclinic at X General Hospital as many as 36 people. The sampling technique used in this research was using random sampling technique. So the sample in this study was a sample of 58 Psoriasis patients at the Skin Polyclinic of X Hospital. The instrument used was a questionnaire which was then processed and analyzed using univariate and bivariate analysis with the chi-square test.
Results: The study found that 72.6% of respondents experienced mild stress, 91.4% of respondents stated that they underwent treatment for > 1 year, 62.1% stated that their families were supportive, 60.3% stated that they experienced mild physical changes and as many as 79.3% stated that they were not worried about the complications that would occur. The results of the bivariate analysis found that family support (p-value = 0.038) and changes in physical appearance (p-value = 0.002) were factors that influenced the stress of psoriasis patients.
Discussion: Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that the factors that influence the stress level of psoriasis patients at X General Hospital are family support and physical changes. Researchers suggest that patient’s families should support the patients well.