Analisis Risiko pada Petugas Pemadam Kebakaran dengan Menggunakan Metode Job Safety Analysis (JSA) di Suku Dinas Penanggulangan Kebakaran dan Penyelamatan Kotamadya Jakarta Timur

Risk Analysis Using the Job Safety Analysis (JSA) Method for Firefighters in the East Jakarta Municipal Fire Management and Rescue Department 2022


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firefighters, job safety analysis, risk management


Introduction: Firefighters are at greater risk while traveling and when they are at the location of a fire due to electricity, hot temperatures, fire, working at heights, extinguishing equipment, explosions, backdraft, and flashover, burning buildings, sharp objects, or physical fights with residents. Meanwhile, health complaints felt at fire locations are generally due to inhaling a lot of smoke, for example coughing, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, sore eyes and even fainting. This research aims to determine the risks to firefighters using the method of job safety analysis.

Methods: The approach used in this research is qualitative, namely a research and understanding process based on a methodology that investigates a social phenomenon and human problem. This research was conducted in the East Jakarta Municipal Fire Management And Rescue Department. The selection of informants in this research was determined using a purpose sampling method for the informants themselves consisting of Platoon Heads, Team Heads, and Firefighters.

Results: The results of this research are based on the identification of firefighter hazards, namely; physical hazards, chemical hazards, biomechanical hazards, and psychological hazards. Meanwhile, the risk assessment found a 6% High Risk in the poisoning section and exposure to backdraft dangers. 51% Moderate Risk of parts falling from fire pump units, collisions with vehicles, units rolling over, entangling installation cables, electricity/trees/twigs on the road, pinched fingers and falls due to hoses. 47% Low Risk for tripping while getting to the fire pump, slipping while climbing the fire pump, spraining your back while taking the hose, and assaulting officers.

Discussion: The purpose of this research is to identify hazards, carry out, carry out risk assessments, and find out risk controls. Firefighters are advised to always follow protocols to avoid work accidents