Hubungan Antara Pendidikan Ibu, Ekonomi Keluarga, Pekerjaan Ibu, Dan Pola Pemberian Makan Dengan Stunting Pada Balita di Wilayah Kerja UPTD Puskesmas X Kota Depok Tahun 2021
Relationship Between Mother's Education, Family Economy, Mother's Work, and Feeding Patterns with Stunting in Toddlers in the Work Area of UPTD Puskesmas X Depok City in 2021
Keywords:mother's education, family economy, mother's work, feeding patterns, stunting incident
Introduction: According to the Ministry of Health (2015) stunting is the result of chronic malnutrition or failure to thrive in the past. Data from the Indonesian Ministry of Health, in 2018, before the pandemic, 6.3 million toddlers out of 23 million toddlers in Indonesia were hampered. Data from the West Java Health Office in 2018 has a stunting prevalence rate of 29.2%, reaching 2.7 million children under five experiencing stunting. The number of stunting cases in Depok City in 2020 reached 5.31%.
Methods: This study uses quantitative research methods with a cross-sectional design. The population is seen from toddlers aged 12-36 months as many as 105 toddlers with 99 respondents who will be sampled. The research was carried out in September-December 2021 in the work area of the UPTD Puskesmas X Depok City. Data analysis was carried out univariate and bivariate with a Chi-square test.
Results: There is no relationship between the Mother's Education (Pv = 0.165), mother's work (Pv = 0.879), and feeding patterns (Pv = 0.594), while the family economy (Pv = 0.001) has a relationship with the incidence of stunting in children under five in the work area UPTD Puskesmas X Depok City.
Discussion: It is known that there is no relationship between a mother's education because the average mother has a high school education so that she has good knowledge in preparing toddler nutrition, and also the mother's job is not related because on average housewives are housewives so there is plenty of time to pay attention to their toddlers, especially on nutrition, and diet, while the family economy has a relationship with the incidence of stunting in toddlers in the working area of UPTD Puskesmas X Depok City, because the economy determines the community in buying food ingredients to meet the nutritional intake needs of toddlers.